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ethnicity.ac.uk

Facts and figures about ethnic difference & inequality in the UK

Size of ethnic groups: ONS estimates, 2009

Graph 1: Size of ethnic groups in England and Wales

Graph 1 data in Excel

The majority of the population of England and Wales are White British (Graph 1 and Table 1 below). In 2009 they accounted for over 48 million people or 88 per cent of the population.

Graph 2: Non-White population

Graph 2 data in Excel

The largest non-White ethnic groups are the Indian (accounting for roughly 3 per cent of the population), Pakistani and Mixed (each 2 per cent), followed by the Black African (1.5 per cent) Black Caribbean, Bangladeshi and Chinese populations (each around 1 per cent).

The pie chart (see Graph 2) shows the proportions of non-White populations in England and Wales in 2009 based on population estimates. Nearly half of non-Whites are Asian (Indian, Pakistani, Bangladeshi or other Asian) and almost a fifth are Black (Black Caribbean, Black African or Other Black). The mixed population are 15% of the non-White population.

Table 1

Population: by ethnic group, 2009

England and Wales

Number and Percentages

Total population

Non-White population

(Thousands)

(%)

(%)

White
48,189
87.9
Mixed
987
1.8
14.9
Indian
1,434
2.6
21.7
Pakistani
1,007
1.8
15.2
Bangladeshi
392
0.7
5.9
Other Asian
386
0.7
5.8
All Asian or Asian British
3,220
5.9
48.6
Black Caribbean
615
1.1
9.3
Black African
799
1.5
12.1
Other Black
126
0.2
1.9
All Black or Black British
1,540
2.8
23.3
Chinese
452
0.8
6.8
Any other ethnic groups
423
0.8
6.4
All minority ethnic population
6,620
12.1
100.0
All ethnic groups
54,809
100.0

Source: Experimental Population Estimates by Ethnic Group for local authority districts and higher administrative areas for England and Wales for 2009, Office for National Statistics